Dale Bumpers National Rice Research Center
The Dale Bumpers National Rice Research Center consists of 42,000 square feet of laboratory and office space and 14,000 square feet of greenhouse space that facilitates research being conducted on rice plants year around. The facility is home to the Genetic Stocks Oryza collection which consists of over 30,000 genetic seed stocks that are distributed to researchers around the world.
This collection is maintained in a 1,578 square foot seed storage room that is temperature and humidity controlled.
The DBNRRC also has an auditorium that seats 150 people and is frequently used by researchers, the rice industry, and state and federal government representatives to discuss issues relevant to rice production in the United States. The DBNRRC employs some 50 people and frequently hosts visiting scientists from around the world that are participating in collaborative research.
University of Arkansas Rice Research and Extension Center
The University of Arkansas Rice Research and Extension Center (RREC) is one of the best known and oldest rice research centers in the world.
Arkansas produces almost half the rice grown in the United States, and the center has played a vital role in the success of the Arkansas rice industry.
RREC is located 9 miles east of Stuttgart. Originally called the Rice Branch Station, it was authorized by the Arkansas General Assembly in 1923, and work commenced on it in December 1926.
The most important research is the development of rice varieties adapted to the regional environment. Initially, varietal development was undertaken by a U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientist posted at the center, Dr. C. Roy Adair.
Varieties were developed through conventional hybridization and selection as well as screening newly acquired varieties imported from around the world.
More than 30 rice varieties have been developed at the center, including Zenith, Starbonnet, Newbonnet, and Wells.
These varieties have been grown not only in Arkansas but also in other rice-producing states (Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Florida, and Texas). Research on other areas of production include soil fertility, irrigation, plant physiology, entomology, plant pathology, and various aspects of crop, soil, and water management.
Six resident faculty and about 46 support employees work at RREC.
The complex contains two reservoirs, greenhouses, laboratories, and seed-processing facilities in addition to research fields. A new laboratory facility will be completed by 2009.
Stuttgart National Aquaculture Research Center
The mission of the Harry K. Dupree Stuttgart National Aquaculture Research Center is to conduct aquaculture research to address the highest priority needs of the U.S. aquaculture industry. It is part of the USDA Agricultural Research Service.
The center’s research program is comprised of in-house research projects in both Stuttgart, Arkansas and Fort Pierce, FL.
The center's research program is comprised of in-house research projects that focus primarily in two areas:
- Freshwater Systems Production Research including development of feeds and improved culture strategies for warmwater fish species, such as hybrid striped bass, channel catfish, and hybrid catfish.
- Disease Therapeutics Evaluation and Control Research for warmwater fish species including catfish, tilapia, baitfish and hybrid striped bass.
The Stuttgart National Aquaculture Research Center was formally the Fish Farming Experimental Laboratory of the National Biological Services, U.S. Department of Interior until transferred to the U.S. Department of Agriculture in 1996 as a part of the Farm Bill.
The station was established in 1958 in response to the Fish Rice Rotation Act (Public Law 85-342) which directed the Secretary of the Interior to develop a program of research and experimentation to solve problems related to the production and harvest of warmwater fish.